Fiches grammaticales

 
Fiches grammaticales 1-10
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  notes in French    

1

 

The infinitive 

 

........

Fiches grammaticales 11_20

2

 

The present tense

X

  Fiches grammaticales 21_30 

3

 

Interrogatives  

X

  Fiches grammaticales 31_40  

4

 

Negatives

X

   

5

 

The plural of nouns

 

   

6

 

Numbers

 

   

7

 

Simple past tense

 X

   

8

 

 How many ?

 

   

9

 

 present perfect

 X

   

10

 

 Comparative & superlative 

 

   

 

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 1_ The infinitive 

to + verb

 
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Most valuable verbs
To arrive
to believe
to buy
to carry
to do
to follow
to get
to give
to go
to help
to hope
to leave
to like
to live
to look
to make
to mean
to move
to own
to pass
to promise
to put
to return
to seem
to show
to take
to talk
to think
to use
to want

 

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2_ The present tense  
            (
indicative)

 I try          I am trying            I do try   
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 to believe 
to make 
to talk
========> to believe
to make
to talk
I believe
I make
I talk
       
Singular I try
you try
he tries
she tries
it tries
I am trying
you are trying
he is trying
she is trying
it is trying
I do try
you do try
he does try
she does try
it does try
Plural we try
you try
they try
we are trying
you are trying
they are trying
we do try
you do try
the do try
 .      
  the boy tries the boy is trying the boy does try
  the girls try the girls are trying the girls do try
       

Il y a trois formes de présent en anglais

présent simple
(ou normal)

infinitif sans to

une action habituelle.
une aptitude.
un état permanent

I go there every sunday
Nigel speaks French
They work on a farm

présent emphatique

DO 
+ infinitif sans to

Vraiment
Comment !
Mais oui !

I do believe you

présent continu
(progressif)

présent de to BE
+ part présent

être en train de

I am living in Watchet now

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

clip1.jpg 3_ Interrogatives  
DO I ... ?      
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 I like               ==>  I am liking   I do like
 am I liking ?   do I like ?
 you make      ==>  you are making   you do make
 are you making ?   do you make ?
 he returns      ==>  he is returning   he does return
 is he returning?   does he return ?
 she talks        ==>  she is talking   she does talk
 is she talking?   does she talk ?
       
 to go: am I going?
are you going?
is he going ?
is she going ?
is it going ?
are we going ?
are you going ?
are they going ?

==>

 do I go ?
do you go ?
does he go ?
does she go ?
does it go ?
do we go ?
do you go ?
do they go ?

On n'emploie pas  DO si le sujet est un pronom interrogatif :

Who cries there ?

 

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4_  Negatives

 

 

NOT

I am not walking 
I do not walk

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YES !

NO !

 

to walk

not to walk

I walk

I am walking

I am not walking 

I do walk

I do not walk

he walks

he is walking

he is not walking

he does walk

he does not walk

the cat walks

the cat is walking

the dog is not walking

the cat does walk

the dog does not walk

 

YES ?

 

NO ?

am I watching?

are you watching ?

is he watching ?

is she watching ?

is it watching ?

are we watching ?

are you watching ?

are they watching ?

 

am I not watching?

are you not watching ?

is he not watching ?

is she not watching ?

is it not watching ?

are we not watching ?

are you not watching ?

are they not watching ?

 

do I watch ?

do you watch?

does he watch ?

does she watch ?

does it watch ?

do we watch ?

do you watch ?

do they watch ?

 

do I not watch ?

do you not watch?

does he not watch ?

does she not watch ?

does it not watch ?

do we not watch ?

do you not watch ?

do they not watch

Pour répondre à une phrase interrogative 
(ou interro-négative)
on utilise l'expression   
n'est ce pas ?
 

Is Harry a sportman ?                        
Yes, he is.


Does Richard play guitar?                 
No, he does not.

 

clip1.jpg 5_ The plural of nouns

singular + S

   
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singular plural
arm
driver
guest
biscuit
chair
bottle
==> arms
drivers
guests
biscuits
chairs
bottles
  but  
box ==> boxes

 

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6_ Cardinal and ordinal numbers

 
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 one street    1    the first street  1st  
two streets  2    the second street  2nd  
 three streets  3    the third street  3rd  
four streets  4    the fourth street  4th  
 five streets  5    the fifth street  5th  
 six streets  6    the sixth street  6th  
 seven streets  7    the seventh street  7th  
 eight streets  8    the eighth street  8th  
 nine streets  9    the ninth street  9th  
 ten streets  10    the tenth street  10th  
             
number   order   number   order  
the cardinal numbers the ordinal numbers the cardinal numbers the ordinal numbers
eleven 11 the eleventh 11th thirty 30 the thirtieth 30th
twelve 12 the twelfth 12th forty 40 the fortieth 40th
thirteen 13 the thirteenth 13th fifty 50 the fiftieth 50th
fourteen 14 the fourteenth 14th sixty 60 the sixtieth 60th
fifteen 15 the fifteenth 15th sixty- one 61 the sixty-first 61st
sixteen 16 the sixteenth 16th seventy 70 the seventieth 70th
seventeen 17 the seventeenth 17th seventy-two 72 the seventy-second 72nd
eighteen 18 the eighteenth 18th eighty 80 the eightieth 80th
nineteen 19 the nineteenth 19th eighty-three 83 the eighty-third 83rd
twenty 20 the twentienth 20th ninety 90 the ninetieth 90th

 

clip1.jpg  7_  Simple past tense 
 
 + ED      
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 to cook =======> to cook cooked
       
 singular  I cooked you cooked  he cooked
 plural  we cooked  you cooked  they cooked
       
   infinitive    past participle
 + ed to seem
to walk
to wish
to turn
to fill
 ==>

seemed
walked
wished
turned
filled

 y + ed => ied to hurry
to carry
 ==> hurried
carried
 + d

to change
to love
to raise

 ==>  changed
loved
raised
irregular to buy
to have
to read
to run
==> bought
had
read
ran
       

le simple past

correspond  au

passé simple

she came back last year

 

peut correspondre à

l' imparfait

I was riding along the river

 

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8_ How many ?

  

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 much

much water

many

 many children

 little

little water

 few

few children

 a little

a little water

 a few

a few boxes

 .

 

 

 

 much*

 much better

 

 

 very*

very pretty
very well

 

 

  a lot of

a lot of books

 

  plenty

plenty of petrol

 

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9_ The Present perfect

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present tense of "to have"  + past participle of the verb

       

infinitive

past participle

present perfect

 

to walk

walked

I have walked

 
 

   
 

negative :

I have not walked

 
 

interrogative :

have I walked ?

 
 

negative interrogative :

have I not walked?

 
action déroulée dans un temps non spécifié + achevée + dont les effets durent dans le présent
I have switched of the ligth j'ai éteint la lumière (et elle est toujours éteinte)
un passé immédiat    
we have just arrived nous venons d'arriver  
une période de temps pas encore achevée    
  I have not seen her this morning je ne l'ai pas vue ce matin  

 

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10_ Comparative & superlative of adjectives

-er , -est

   
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Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

big

bigger

the biggest

happy

happier

the happiest

     

good

well

better

the best

bad

worse

the worst

much

many

more ... (than)

the most

little

less ... (than)

the least

 

as ... as

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